Ideologia, immaginazione, e immaginario sociale


  • Paul Blokker Università di Bologna


Parole chiave:

Ideology, Imaginary, Imagination, Populism


Ideology has been approached in a negative manner for a long time, and in recent years has been a relatively marginalized field of research in political and social studies. This paper argues that the complex – constructive as well as distortive, narrowing – nature of ideologies needs to be recognized if we want to understand the current challenges of populism and illiberalism. A broader argument is that ideologies are best understood in relation to the backcloth of a more abstract, trans-ideological cultural dimension, that of the relatively open-ended horizon of social imaginaries. Contemporary ideological critiques of liberal and constitutional democracy maybe understood as a reaction to a relatively robustly institutionalized imaginary of liberal-constitutional democracy. The populist counterreaction to liberal legalism, constitutional democracy and the human rights imaginary ought hence to be understood as an ideological phenomenon in its own right, and its success may even indicate an unsettling of the dominant imaginary and a potential shift (or even return) towards an imaginary dominated by nationalism and sovereignism. The paper hence attempts to contribute to existing debates in two ways: the consideration of ideology in relation to social imaginaries and a claim towards the self-standing ideological nature of contemporary populism.

Biografia autore

Paul Blokker, Università di Bologna

Paul Blokker ha conseguito un dottorato di ricerca presso l'Istituto Universitario Europeo di Firenze. È professore associato di Sociologia politica presso il Dipartimento di Sociologia e Diritto dell'Economia dell'Università di Bologna. Le sue ricerche si concentrano sulla sociologia delle costituzioni, la sociologia dei diritti umani, la politica costituzionale, la partecipazione democratica, il populismo e gli immaginari sociali e costituzionali. Tra le pubblicazioni più recenti: Conservative Populism in Defiance of Anti-Totalitarian Constitutional Democracy, in A. Czarnota, M. Krygier, W. Sadurski (eds), Anti-Constitutional Populism, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2022, pp. 297 - 335; Imagining Europe. Transnational contestation and civic populism (a cura di), Palgrave, Cham, Svizzera 2021.


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